Pompeii is a ruined and partially buried Roman city near Naples in the Italian region of Campania. Along with Herculaneum, its sister city, Pompeii was destroyed and completely buried during a long catastrophic eruption of volcano Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. The eruption buried Pompeii under 22 meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1,600 years before its accidental rediscovery around 1592. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Today, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2,500,000 visitors every year. It is best reached by train from Naples, and there are guided tours for a better understanding of what life in Pompeii was like before the eruption and what hapenned during it- tickets cost 11€ per person. I also recommend you bring plenty of water if you are planning on visiting durng the summer months as this area ix extremely hot, and there is little to no shade.